Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration

Diseases of the Retina / Vitreous: Macular Degeneration

What is Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Diagram of The Human Eye

Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible visual impairment and blindness among Americans 60 and older. More Americans are affected by AMD than by cataracts and glaucoma combined. There are two types of Macular Degeneration, Dry Macular Degeneration and Neovascular, or Wet Macular Degeneration. In most cases, the dry type of macular degeneration usually progresses more slowly than the wet type. Approximately 90% of the cases of AMD are the dry type.

Retinal Pigment Epithelial (RPE) cells

The retina is a very thin sheet of nerve cells that lines the inside of the eye. Macular Degeneration refers to a retinal disorder that affects the macula, or the center portion of the retina that is responsible for fine, detailed vision. Under the retina is a layer of retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE), and under this is the choroid, a layer of tissue that is made up of blood vessels that bring essential nutrients and oxygen to the retina.

Learn more about Macular Degeneration by clicking on the + to the left of each heading.

Dry Macular Degeneration
Wet Macular Degeneration
What are the Symptoms of AMD?
How is AMD Detected?
What are the Treatment Options?
What Are The Causes And Risk Factors Of AMD?
What You Can Do to Protect Your Vision
Making the Most of Your Remaining Vision